The University of Calcutta (informally known as Calcutta University; abbreviated as CU) is a public state university located in KolkataWest BengalIndia. It has 151 affiliated undergraduate colleges and 16 institutes in Kolkata and nearby areas. It was established on 24 January 1857 and is the oldest multidisciplinary university of Indian Subcontinent and South East Asian Region. Today, the university’s jurisdiction is limited to a few districts of West Bengal, but at the time of its establishment it had a catchment area ranging from Kabul to Myanmar. Within India, it is recognized as a “Five-Star University” and accredited an “A” grade by the National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC).

The university has a total of fourteen campuses spread over the city of Kolkata and its suburbs. As of 2020, 151 colleges and 21 institutes and centres are affiliated with CU. The university was fourth in the Indian University Ranking 2021 list, released by the National Institutional Ranking Framework of the Ministry of Education

Its alumni and faculty include several heads of state and government, social reformers, prominent artists, the only Indian Dirac Medal winner,

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Its alumni and faculty include several heads of state and government, social reformers, prominent artists, the only Indian Dirac Medal winner,

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Its alumni and faculty include several heads of state and government, social reformers, prominent artists, the only Indian Dirac Medal winner,

Its alumni and faculty include several heads of state and government, social reformers, prominent artists, the only Indian Dirac Medal winner,

Initially, the university was only an affiliating and examining body. All the academic and teaching work was done in constituent colleges, which were the Presidency College, the Scottish Church College, the Sanskrit College and the Bengal Engineering College. During that period, the Council Room of the Calcutta Medical College and private residence of the vice-chancellor used to house the Senate meetings. The faculty councils generally met at the residences of the presidents of the faculties concerned, in the Civil Engineering College or in the Writers’ Building.

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